标签:递推

[ACM_HDU_1465]不容易系列之一(错排)

蓝飞 蓝飞 | 时间:2012-04-02, Mon | 14,618 views
编程算法 

不容易系列之一

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 8025 Accepted Submission(s): 3328

Description

大家常常感慨,要做好一件事情真的不容易,确实,失败比成功容易多了!
做好“一件”事情尚且不易,若想永远成功而总从不失败,那更是难上加难了,就像花钱总是比挣钱容易的道理一样。
话虽这样说,我还是要告诉大家,要想失败到一定程度也是不容易的。比如,我高中的时候,就有一个神奇的女生,在英语考试的时候,竟然把40个单项选择题全部做错了!大家都学过概率论,应该知道出现这种情况的概率,所以至今我都觉得这是一件神奇的事情。如果套用一句经典的评语,我们可以这样总结:一个人做错一道选择题并不难,难的是全部做错,一个不对。

不幸的是,这种小概率事件又发生了,而且就在我们身边:
事情是这样的——HDU有个网名叫做8006的男性同学,结交网友无数,最近该同学玩起了浪漫,同时给n个网友每人写了一封信,这都没什么,要命的是,他竟然把所有的信都装错了信封!注意了,是全部装错哟!

现在的问题是:请大家帮可怜的8006同学计算一下,一共有多少种可能的错误方式呢?

Input

输入数据包含多个多个测试实例,每个测试实例占用一行,每行包含一个正整数n(1<n<=20),n表示8006的网友的人数。

Output

对于每行输入请输出可能的错误方式的数量,每个实例的输出占用一行。

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[ACM_HDU_2045]LELE的RPG难题

蓝飞 蓝飞 | 时间:2012-04-02, Mon | 10,890 views
编程算法 

不容易系列之(3)—— LELE的RPG难题

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 15209 Accepted Submission(s): 6025

Description

人称“AC女之杀手”的超级偶像LELE最近忽然玩起了深沉,这可急坏了众多“Cole”(LELE的粉丝,即"可乐"),经过多方打探,某资深Cole终于知道了原因,原来,LELE最近研究起了著名的RPG难题:

有排成一行的n个方格,用红(Red)、粉(Pink)、绿(Green)三色涂每个格子,每格涂一色,要求任何相邻的方格不能同色,且首尾两格也不同色.求全部的满足要求的涂法.

以上就是著名的RPG难题.

如果你是Cole,我想你一定会想尽办法帮助LELE解决这个问题的;如果不是,看在众多漂亮的痛不欲生的Cole女的面子上,你也不会袖手旁观吧?

Input

输入数据包含多个测试实例,每个测试实例占一行,由一个整数N组成,(0<n<=50)。

Output

对于每个测试实例,请输出全部的满足要求的涂法,每个实例的输出占一行。

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[ACM_HDU_1297]Children’s Queue

蓝飞 蓝飞 | 时间:2012-04-01, Sun | 19,132 views
编程算法 

Children’s Queue

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 5660 Accepted Submission(s): 1755

Description

There are many students in PHT School. One day, the headmaster whose name is PigHeader wanted all students stand in a line. He prescribed that girl can not be in single. In other words, either no girl in the queue or more than one girl stands side by side. The case n=4 (n is the number of children) is like
FFFF, FFFM, MFFF, FFMM, MFFM, MMFF, MMMM
Here F stands for a girl and M stands for a boy. The total number of queue satisfied the headmaster’s needs is 7. Can you make a program to find the total number of queue with n children?

Input

There are multiple cases in this problem and ended by the EOF. In each case, there is only one integer n means the number of children (1<=n<=1000)

Output

For each test case, there is only one integer means the number of queue satisfied the headmaster’s needs.

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[ACM_HDU_1005]Number Sequence

蓝飞 蓝飞 | 时间:2012-04-01, Sun | 21,657 views
编程算法 

Number Sequence

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 53991 Accepted Submission(s): 12146

Description

A number sequence is defined as follows:

f(1) = 1, f(2) = 1, f(n) = (A * f(n - 1) + B * f(n - 2)) mod 7.

Given A, B, and n, you are to calculate the value of f(n).

Input

The input consists of multiple test cases. Each test case contains 3 integers A, B and n on a single line (1 <= A, B <= 1000, 1 <= n <= 100,000,000). Three zeros signal the end of input and this test case is not to be processed.

Output

For each test case, print the value of f(n) on a single line.

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