# 杰拉斯的博客

## [整理]ACM详解（6）——栈

### Train Problem

Problem Description
As the new term comes, the Ignatius Train Station is very busy nowadays. A lot of student want to get back to school by train(because the trains in the Ignatius Train Station is the fastest all over the world ^v^). But here comes a problem, there is only one railway where all the trains stop. So all the trains come in from one side and get out from the other side. For this problem, if train A gets into the railway first, and then train B gets into the railway before train A leaves, train A can't leave until train B leaves. The pictures below figure out the problem. Now the problem for you is, there are at most 9 trains in the station, all the trains has an ID(numbered from 1 to n), the trains get into the railway in an order O1, your task is to determine whether the trains can get out in an order O2.
Input
The input contains several test cases. Each test case consists of an integer, the number of trains, and two strings, the order of the trains come in:O1, and the order of the trains leave:O2. The input is terminated by the end of file. More details in the Sample Input.
Output
The output contains a string "No." if you can't exchange O2 to O1, or you should output a line contains "Yes.", and then output your way in exchanging the order(you should output "in" for a train getting into the railway, and "out" for a train getting out of the railway). Print a line contains "FINISH" after each test case. More details in the Sample Output.
Sample Input
3 123 321
3 123 312
Sample Output
Yes.
in
in
in
out
out
out
FINISH
No.
FINISH

```/*
* Train Problem I
*/
public static String test2(int n,String s1,String s2){
// 记录操作结果
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
// 表示栈
int[] a=new int[9];
// 表示栈顶元素
int index=-1;
// 入栈元素序号
int index1=0;
// 出栈元素序号
int index2=0;
// 把第一个元素放到栈中
index++;
a[index]=s1.charAt(index1);
index1++;
sb.append("in/n");
// 只要栈中有元素，则处理
while(index1<s1.length() || index2<s2.length()){
// 如果栈顶元素是与s2中的元素一致，则出栈
if(index>-1 && s2.charAt(index2)==a[index]){
index--;
sb.append("out/n");
index2++;
}else if(index1==s1.length()){ // 不能实现
break;
}else{ // 如果否则把s1中的下一个元素加入到栈中
index++;
a[index] = s1.charAt(index1);
index1++;
sb.append("in/n");
}
}
if(index!=-1){
return "No./nFINISH/n";
}else{
sb.insert(0,"Yes./n");
sb.append("FINISH/n");
return sb.toString();
}
}
```